ABOAB


ABOAB
ABOAB, Spanish family whose descendants remained prominent among the Sephardim of the Mediterranean world as well as in the ex-Marrano communities of Northern Europe. The origin of the name is obscure. The family produced many outstanding Jewish scholars in Spain (see Isaac Aboab, I and ii ). After the expulsion from Spain, it was found in North Africa, Turkey, Italy (where the form Aboaf became common), and elsewhere. Some members of the family, who fell victims to the forced conversion in Portugal in 1497, preserved the name in secret, resumed it when they reentered Judaism (sometimes with the addition of their baptismal surnames, e.g., Fonseca, Dias, Falleiro) and became outstanding in the communities of the Marrano Diaspora (see samuel aboab , isaac aboab de Fonseca). ABRAHAM, formerly Gonçalo Cardozo, who traded with the Iberian Peninsula under the name of Dionis Genis, was one of the deputies of the Jewish community of Amsterdam in 1638. ELIAS conducted a printing establishment there in 1643–44, and DANIEL SEMAH practiced medicine after graduating at Utrecht in 1667. DAVID, a convert, made his name in England by some pretentious publications, including Remarks on Dr. Sharpe's Dissertations … concerning … Elohim and Berith (London, 1751). He is possibly identical with the DAVID, born in Italy, who was excommunicated in Curaçao in 1746 after a bitter controversy with the rabbinate. Members of the family resident in Brazil in 1648–54 included MOSES, who later found his way to New York, where he is recorded in 1684. MOSES, formerly of Surinam, conducted learned religious discussions at Leghorn and elsewhere with the Christian scholar Veyssiere de la Croze, who described them in his Entretiens sur divers sulets … de critique et religion (Amsterdam, 1711?). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loewenstein, in: MGWJ, 48 (1904), 661–701; 50 (1906), 374–5; M. Eisenbeth, Les Juifs de l'Afrique du Nord (1936), 76; ESN, 10–14; Roth, Mag Bibl, 285, nos. 60, 62; 336, no. 4; 409, no. 18; Rosenbloom, Biogr Dict, 2; A. Wiznitzer, Jews in Colonial Brazil (1960), 137; F. Secret, in: Les Nouveaux Cahiers, 3 (1965), 37–43. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aboab — ist der Name folgender Personen: Isaac I. Aboab (um 1300), jüdischer Autor Isaac II. Aboab (um 1433 um 1493), kastilischer Rabbiner und Gaon Isaac Aboab da Fonseca (1605 1693), jüdischer Gelehrter und Kabbalist Immanuel Aboab (um 1555–1628),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ABOAB DA FONSECA, ISAAC — (1605–1693), Dutch Sephardi rabbi. Aboab was born in Castro Daire, Portugal, of a Marrano family, as Simao da Fonseca, son of Alvaro da Fonseca alias David Aboab. He was brought as a child to St. Jean de Luz in France and then to Amsterdam, where …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABOAB, IMMANUEL — (c. 1555–1628), protagonist of Judaism among the Crypto Jews. The little that is known about his life is derived from his major work Nomologia, and from his letters to many Crypto Jews in Western Europe. He was born in Porto into a New Christian… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABOAB, ISAAC I — (end of the 14th century), rabbinic author and preacher; probably lived in Spain. His father seems to have been called Abraham and may have been the Abraham Aboab to whom judah b. asher of Toledo (d. 1349) addressed responsa (Zikhron Yehudah, 53a …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABOAB, ISAAC II — (1433–1493), rabbinical scholar. Known as the last gaon of Castile, Aboab was a disciple of isaac canpanton and head of the Toledo Yeshivah. joseph caro refers to him as one of the greatest scholars of his time. During the final years before the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABOAB, ISAAC DE MATTATHIAS — (1631–1707), Dutch Sephardi scholar. His father Manuel Dias Henriques (1594–1667) was born in Oporto into a Marrano family, a descendant of isaac aboab II. After escaping from the Inquisition in Mexico he reverted to Judaism as Mattathias Aboab… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABOAB, SAMUEL BEN ABRAHAM — (1610–1694), Italian rabbi. Aboab was born in Hamburg, but at the age of 13 he was sent by his father to study in Venice under David Franco, whose daughter he later married. After serving as rabbi in Verona, he was appointed in 1650 to Venice. At …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABOAB, JACOB BEN SAMUEL — (d. c. 1725), Venetian rabbi. He was the third son of Samuel Aboab, whom he succeeded as rabbi of Venice and whose biography he wrote (introduction to Samuel Aboab s responsa Devar Shemu el (Venice, 1702). He studied mathematics and astronomy and …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Aboab, Immanuel — (1555 1628)    Spanish scholar. He wrote Nomologia, o discursos legales, a defence of the divine origin of the oral law and the Jewish tradition …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Aboab, Isaac —    1) (fl. 14th cent.)    Spanish writer on ethics. He collected aggadic teaching and homiletical literature concerned with Jewish ethics in the Candlestick of Light.    2) (1433 93)    Spanish rabbinic scholar. He is known as the last gaon of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography


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